Hebden Township Historical Data

Hebden Sheepfolds

As with field barns, sheepfolds are an intrinsic part of the Yorkshire Dales Landscape. There are 31 in Hebden. They are all small, and most were probably just used to hold the sheep for routine stock maintenance. The exceptions are ones at High Green, Coppergill and the top of Gate Up Gill that were built to pen sheep before washing them in the stream (SF14, SF18 and SF01), and one at Town Head that was built to pen them before dipping (SF19).

Sheepfold near Ranelands
SF23: Sheepfold near Ranelands.
Click image for larger resolution

Traditionally, sheepfolds were walled enclosures, but the eight most recent ones have been made of wooden fencing to create cheaper and more versatile structures. The one on Rather Standard Side (SF27) is an older fenced pen.

Most of the sheepfold are associated with fields created by the enclosures, with only six associated with fields dating from before the enclosures - one at Coppergill (SF17), one on the slopes above High Green footbridge (SF17), and two on Ranelands land near the Scuff (SF23 and SF24). The other two are on open moorland - at the bottom of Blea Gill, and what is now a very remote sheepwash at the top of Gate Up Gill.

The Pinfold in High Green (SF29) is probably the oldest sheepfold. It was built on what was then manorial waste land to house stray stock until they were reclaimed by their owner. It may well date back to manorial times. It can be seen on the tithe map to have once been larger than it is now, a small building having since been built in one corner.

There are also four bields - stretches of wall built to serve as shelter for stock. Two pre-date the enclosures, the other two were probably built at the same time as the enclosure walls.

The following is a record of the sheepfolds and bields to be found in the Hebden township. It is based on those marked on the 1846 tithe map, the OS 6" and 25" maps from 1853 to 1910, together with later builds. The date of the earliest map reference identified is given. The current status of the sheepfolds is recorded in the register below: some have been demolished or fallen into ruin, but most are still standing. Below is a Google Earth image shewing their location. You may download the original kmz file which marks their locations.

Location of sheepfolds in Hebden.
Location of sheepfolds in the Hebden township. North to the right.
Click image for larger resolution

Clicking on the "Map" link brings up a Google aerial view shewing the location of the sheepfold. Clicking on a photograph link displays a recent photograph of the sheepfold or the original site of the sheepfold. When displaying an image you may use the controls to expand the image even further, or close the image.

Id Location Map Status Photograph Notes
SF01 Combes Moss Here Crumbling Photograph
SF01: (location).
Marked on 1910 edition of the 6" OS map
A washfold in a large upland pasture
SF02 Game Ing Flat Here Crumbling Photograph
SF02: (location).
Marked on 1910 edition of the 6" OS map
A single pen sheepfold
SF03 Grove Gill Here Crumbling Photograph
SF03: (location).
Marked on 1852 edition of the 6" OS map as Groove Gill Fold
Two pens, with a tailing wall
SF04 Tag Bale Here Footings visible Photograph
SF04: (location).
Marked on 1894 edition of the 6" OS map
SF05 Knotts End, Blea Gill Here Crumbling Photograph
SF05: (location).
Marked on 1853 edition of the 6" OS map
SF06 Bolton Haw End Here Good Photograph
SF06: (location).
Marked on 1894 edition of the 6" OS map
SF07 Bottom of Tinkers Lane Here Good Photograph
SF07: (location).
Map evidence indicates built after 1907
SF08 Backstone Edge / Red Mire Crags Here Ruin Photograph
SF08: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 6" OS map
SF09 Mossy Moor Here Good Photograph
SF09: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 6" OS map
Single pen in wall corner
SF10 Mossy Moor / Backstone Edge Lane Here Good Photograph
SF10: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 6" OS map. In use.
SF11 Swine Carr Here Crumbling Photograph
SF11: (location).
Marked on 1894 edition of the 6" OS map
SF12 Standard Moss Here Good Photograph
SF12: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 6" OS map
SF13 Backstone Edge Lane Here Good Photograph
SF13: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 6" OS map
SF14 High Green Here Good Photograph
SF14: Sheep wash in High Green with Pickering Low Lathe behind. (location).
Marked on 1894 edition of the 6" OS map
Contains two pens, the second exiting into stream.
Restored in 1995 at a cost of £400
SF15 Scar Side Here Crumbling Photograph
SF15: (location).
Marked on 1853 edition of the 6" OS map
SF16 Copper Gill Here Good Photograph
SF16: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 25" OS map
SF17 Scar Side Here Good Photograph
SF17: The back wall is made up of large boulders. (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 25" OS map
The back wall is made up of large boulders
The back wall of SF15 made up of large boulders
SF18 Copper Gill Here Good Photograph
SF18: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 25" OS map
Possibly associated with a sheep wash
Water channel potentially used for sheep washing at SF18
SF19 Town Head Here Good Photograph
SF19: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 25" OS map
Fenced enclosures. Originally associated with a sheep dip
Washing sheep at SF19 c. 1910
SF20 Grassington Road Here Good Photograph
SF20: (location).
Fenced enclosures
SF21 Opposite church Here Good Photograph
SF21: (location).
Fenced enclosures. In use
SF22 Mill Bridge Here Good Photograph
SF22: (location).
Fenced enclosures in corner of field. In use
SF23 Ranelands Here Crumbling Photograph
SF23: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 25" OS map
Has a large larch growing within it
SF23 showing the larch growing within it
and two adjacent horse chestnuts
SF23 showing the larch and horse chestnuts
SF24 Scuff Road Here Gone Photograph
SF24: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 25" OS map
SF25 Pickering Low Lathe Here Good Photograph
SF25: (location).
Fenced enclosure. In use
SF26 East wall of Snout Rushes Here Good Photograph
SF26: (location).
Fenced enclosures. In use
SF27 West wall of Rather Standard End Here Crumbling Photograph
SF27: (location).
Fenced enclosure. Post 1945?
SF28 Baxstone Edge Lane - east of wall Here Footings visible Photograph
SF28: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 25" OS map
SF29 South-east corner of High Green Here Good Photograph
SF29: (location).
Marked on 1846 tithe map
A pinfold - has a pillar
Pillar on sheepfold SF29 equipped to take a wooden pole
equipped to take a wooden pole
SF30 Grime Lodge Nick Here Crumbling Photograph
SF30: (location).
Not marked on 1909 1:2500 map.
A circular fold about 6 metres diameter
SF31 Great Black Hill Here Rotting Photograph
SF31: (location).
Post and wire structure built by Derek Appleton c. 1990
B01 Great Black Hill Here Ruin Photograph
B01: (location).
Marked on 1891 25" map
Adjacent to a walled trough (Black Hill Well)
Walled trough near bield B01
B02 Near Mossy Moor Here Good Photograph
B02: (location).
Marked on 1891 edition of the 25" OS map
B03 Between Ratlock Hill and Brow Top Lathe Here Traces Photograph
B03: (location).
Marked on 1846 tithe map
On 1846 map had a wall running parallel a few metres south of it
B04 Between the Skuff and Loup Scar Here Gone Marked on 1853 edition of the 6" OS map

(35 sheepfolds and bields)